There are 3 main fuels in wildfires: Surface fuels, Vertical/Ladder fuels and Crown fuels. Addressing all three on your property is core to a successful fire mitigation strategy.
Surface fuels are any material on the ground that is susceptible to fire: grasses, pine needles, logs, branches and wood chips are examples of surface fuels. To effectively mitigate the fire danger posed by surface fuels, focus on picking up pine needles, clearing/chipping logs and branches, spacing wood chip piles away from your home and apart from each other, and keep native grasses mowed to a height of 6” or less. Additionally, any shrubs on your property should be properly trimmed and maintained throughout the year.
Small and large trees compose the majority of Vertical/Ladder and Crown Fuels, as they provide a path for wildfire to climb from ground level, enabling it to spread more rapidly as it gains fuel. Maintenance of the trees on your property is an extremely important aspect of fire mitigation, and includes 3 main activities: trimming, thinning, and removal: